•    It has tendency to explode when dry. Also, the extent of H-bonding depends upon flie number of H-atoms on the N-atom, thus the extent of H-bonding is greater in primary amine than secondary amine. (ii) Propan-1-amine (1°), The number of hydrogen atoms attached to nitrogen determines the course of action for the amine. Ans: The success of Gabriel phthalimide reaction depends upon the nucleophilic attack by the phthalimide anion on the organic halogen compound. Reaction with Benzene sulphonyl Chloride: - Benzene sulphonyl chloride (C. The reaction of benzenesulphonyl chloride with primary amine yields N-ethylbenzene sulphonyl amide.

For example, Note : In the following questions two or more options may be correct.

Tertiary (3o) amine cannot be  acylated as there is no H bonded to nitrogen. Aniline does not undergo Friedel-Crafts reaction (alkylation and acetylation) due to salt formation with aluminium chloride, the Lewis acid, which is used as a catalyst.

NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 13 Amines. The lone pair of electrons on nitrogen of acetanilide interacts with oxygen atom due to resonance as shown below: Hence, the lone pair of electrons on nitrogen is less available for donation to benzene ring by resonance.

The main topics covered in this part are: The key notes of the chapter are as follows: Alkylation of 1o amine generates 2o amine, 3o amine and finally the quaternary salts. •    It has tendency to explode when dry. Arrange the following in increasing order of their basic strength : (iv) Coupling reaction The best app for CBSE students now provides Amines class 12 Notes latest chapter wise notes for quick preparation of CBSE board exams and school-based annual examinations. Why cannot aromatic primary amines be prepared by Gabriel phthalimide synthesis? (iv) Both assertion and reason are correct statements and reason is correct explanation of assertion. Convert: Therefore, aniline is a weaker base than methylamine and hence its pKb value is higher than that of methylamine. (v) N-MethylbenzenamineorN-methylaniline(2°) (iii) In increasing order of basic strength: (ii) Diazotisation: The process of conversion of a primary aromatic amino compound into a diazonium salt, is known as diazotisation. The reaction of preparation of diazonium salt is called Diazotisation. Reaction with acid chlorides, anhydrides and esters by nucleophilic substitution reaction is known as acylation. (vii) Gabriel phthalimide synthesis: It is a method of preparation of pure aliphatic and aralkyl primary amines. As a result, electron density on the nitrogen . By continuing to use our website, you agree to our. The hydrogen attached to nitrogen in sulphonamide is strongly acidic due to the presence of strong electron withdrawing sulphonyl group. give nitrosoamine and alcohol. This article is on the Amines Notes Class 12 of Chemistry.The notes on Amines of class 12 chemistry have been prepared with great care keeping in mind the effectiveness of it for the students. Complete the following acid-base reactions and name the products: Therefore, the proton acceptability or the basic nature of aniline or other aromatic amines would be less than that of ammonia.