Benoît, Michèle and Gratton, Roger (1991). [23] Although, the population of Montreal was still dominated by males, the female population grew.

Under the authority of the Roman Catholic Société Notre-Dame de Montréal, missionaries Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve, Jeanne Mance and a few French colonists set up a mission named Ville Marie on May 17, 1642 as part of a project to create a colony dedicated to the Virgin Mary. [84], The 1976 Summer Olympics, officially known as the "Games of the XXI Olympiad", held in Montreal, was the first Olympics in Canada. In 1969, a police strike resulted in 16 hours of unrest, known as the Murray Hill riot. This led to the great campaign of 1757 and with his large force of native allies and the bronzed soldiery of France General Louis-Joseph de Montcalm moved the large force out of Montreal and left a garrison in its place, relieving the pressure on the city to supply the military slightly. On average, we feel an earthquake of intensity III or higher once every 3 years in Ottawa-Gatineau. The making of documentary films grew tremendously during World War II with the creation of the National Film Board of Canada, in Montreal, in 1939.

Montreal had a population of 618,000 in 1921, growing to 903,000 in 1941.

[64] This helped make Montreal the most militarily capable town in New France, and so when the seven years war started Montreal was declared the military headquarters for operations in the North American Theatre. In 1868, The School of Artillery was formed in Montreal.[78]. For municipal authorities, unaware of its potential heritage value, Old Montreal was an anomaly.

[30] The presence of guns meant that colonies retained the services of blacksmiths, or arquebusiers, to repair guns, manufacture bullets, and perform other duties to relieve dependence on imports. This led to few weavers and a left no more than 5% of textiles sold in Montreal to be manufactured locally. For example, the Island of Montreal did not have a large native population, but 80,000 natives lived within an 800-kilometre radius of Montreal.[35]. That year the government instituted conscription in order to expand the armed forces to confront the Axis Powers. [72] With 19th-century immigration, more and more English-speaking merchants and residents continued to arrive in what had by then become known as Montreal. The Canadian Pacific Railway made its headquarters there in 1880, and the Canadian National Railway in 1919. The following voted to demerge: Baie-d'Urfé, Beaconsfield, Côte Saint-Luc, Dollard-des-Ormeaux, Dorval, the uninhabited L'Île-Dorval, Hampstead, Kirkland, Montréal-Est, Montreal West, Mount Royal, Pointe-Claire, Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, Senneville, and Westmount. [45] French merchants carried furs were carried down the Richelieu River to English, Dutch, and the converted Jesuit Iroquois at Albany.

The earthquake occurred at 5:30 p.m. local time and was estimated to have a maximum perceived intensity of X (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale.The main shock epicentre is suggested to have occurred …

After the War, President of the Confederacy Jefferson Davis stayed at a manor house located at the current site of The Bay on Sainte-Catherine's Street West; a plaque commemorating the site was installed on the West wall of the building, on Union Avenue, in 1957 by the United Daughters of the Confederacy.

American Revolutionists under General Richard Montgomery briefly captured the city during the 1775 invasion of Canada but left when it became obvious they could not hold Canada. This caused a large boom in the demand for stone and an increase in the size of Montreal.

Old Montreal. Montreal officially became a city in 1832. Founded by French settlers in 1642 as Fort Ville-Marie, Old Montreal is home to many structures dating back to the era of New France. De Léry had the fortifications constructed to secure the settlement from a British invasion and to allow future expansion inside the walls.

(2004). A magnitude 5.5 eastern earthquake usually can be felt as far as 500 km from where it occurred, and can sometimes cause damage as far away as 40 km. Local production of these items did not begin until approximately 1660. By 1945 it was one of the major film production studios in the world with a staff of nearly 800 and over 500 films to its credit including the very popular, "The World in Action" and "Canada Carries On", series of monthly propaganda films.

In 1650, Grou family, the lineage of historian Lionel Groulx, arrived from Rouen, France, and established a land holding known as Coulée Grou which is today encompassed by the borough Rivière-des-Prairies–Pointe-aux-Trembles.

During the 2003 provincial elections, the winning Liberal Party had promised to submit the mergers to referendums. This page was last edited on 11 November 2020, at 16:54. Many buildings from this time period are concentrated in the area known today as Old Montreal. By the late 1990s, however, Montreal's economic climate had improved, as new firms and institutions began to fill the traditional business and financial niches.[90].

Research into the design of nuclear weapons was conducted at the Montreal Laboratory of the National Research Council of Canada during World War II. [38] Despite the presence of natives in the settlement of Montreal there seems to be very little intermixing with only seven registered mixed marriages in Montreal, though the number of actually mixed marriages was probably slightly higher. Two speculators bought the Château's gardens, offered one-third to the city, and divided the rest into seven lots of their own.

Champ de Mars is a large public space located between Montreal City Hall and the Ville-Marie Expressway.

[21] Between 1646 and 1717, 178 French girls were married on the Island of Montreal, 20 percent of the overall permanent settlers. [41] Furthermore, despite a surplus of unsold wheat at the colony, flour and lard were still regularly imported to feed French troops during the seventeenth century. With developments such as Centre de Commerce Mondial (World Trade Centre), Quartier International, Square Cartier, and proposed revitalization of the harbourfront, Montreal is regaining its international position as a world-class city. Ranald C. Michie, "The Canadian Securities Market, 1850–1914,", Patrick Allen, "Les Jeux Olympiques: Icebergs ou Rampes de Lancements?," [The Olympic Games: Icebergs or launching pads?

This lack of artistic expression to demonstrate wealth caused many of the wealthy simply to build larger buildings to demonstrate their greatness.

The Great Peace resulted in an end to the Iroquois Wars and, according to historian Gilles Havard, "ostensibly (brought) peace to the vast territory extending from Acadia in the East to the Mississippi in the west, and from James Bay in the north to Missouri in the south". Learning of an invasion coming over the Saint Laurence, Montcalm took his forces to reinforce Quebec City. Though the walls may have provided security from invasion, they created a different problem: a large concentration of wooden houses (with fireplaces) led to many devastating fires.

In May 1765, fire destroyed about 110 houses before destroying the old Hôtel de Callière and the former General Hospital.

The twenties saw many changes in the city and the introduction of new technologies continued to have a prominent impact. They purchased the cheapest cuts of meat—sometimes even horse meat and recycled the Sunday roast into sandwiches and soups. Late in the evening of Nov. 25, 1988, a major earthquake occurs near the Quebec cities of Chicoutimi and Jonquière, with aftershocks felt as far away as Toronto, Halifax and Boston. Old Montreal is a major tourist attraction. [52] The designers themselves were all similar to the Father Superior not architects by profession and so the engineers worked closely with the religious order to design and build Montreal. During World War II its vaults were used as the hiding place for the gold bullion of the Bank of England and the British Crown Jewels. [2] By about 1000 A.D., nomadic Iroquoian and other peoples around the Great Lakes began to adopt the cultivation of maize and more settled lifestyles. [15] Women also came to the colony, ¾ of all women were single, and looking for a husband, these were truly permanent residents since single women and whole families did not intend to return to France. The 1663 Charlevoix earthquake occurred on February 5 in New France (now the Canadian province of Quebec), and was assessed to have a moment magnitude of between 7.3 and 7.9. [80], Montrealers volunteered to serve in the army in the early days of World War I, but most French Montrealers opposed mandatory conscription and enlistment fell off.

[56] After the arrival of Maisonneuve in the Second Foundation in 1653, Montreal became a front for activity throughout New France and a key launching point for expeditions into the frontier.

The first European to reach the area was Jacques Cartier on October 2, 1535. (Even 10 years after its founding, the people of Quebec City still thought of Montreal as "une folle entreprise" - a crazy undertaking.

Compared with the pre-merger city of Montreal, this is a net increase of 96.8% in land area, and 52.3% in population. Many of the expeditions who went out to explore Ontario and the Ohio River Valley would start in Montreal, but much of the time in the beginning they would not make it far or they would be forced to return by hostile native forces. Recent earthquakes in Ontario and Quebec: – June 23, 2010 – 5.0 magnitude quake. Please read our Commenting Policy first.

[citation needed] The first Protestant church in Montreal was St. Gabriel's, established by a Presbyterian missionary in 1792. It was not until 1639 that the French created a permanent settlement on the Island of Montreal, started by tax collector Jérôme le Royer de la Dauversière. The history of Montreal, located in the province of Quebec, Canada, spans about 8,000 years. Ville Marie became a centre for the fur trade and French expansion into New France until 1760, when it was surrendered to the British army, following the Montreal Campaign. Experts say it’s possible in pandemic’s next stage, Puerto Rico finds 126 briefcases with uncounted ballots 1 week after local election, Ontario reports 1,396 new coronavirus cases, 19 more deaths, Pennsylvania secretary of state asks judge to toss Trump election lawsuit, America Votes 2020: Trump keeps making baseless election fraud claims, Feds pledge to fix Neskantaga First Nation’s long-standing water crisis, Coronavirus: The psychology behind following COVID rules, Alberta imposes new restrictions to curb COVID-19 spike, B.C.

The hotel burned in 1833, and was rebuilt in 1845 at the Bonsecours Market. [66] Montcalm was very successful in his military efforts keeping spirits in Montreal high and the people hopeful. [49] The government of Montreal helped plan the layout of the city; several aspects of the design of the city in the French colonial period are still present.

[23] The infant mortality rates in Montreal grew from 9.8% in 1676 to 18.0% to 1706–1715. Montreal's population surpassed one million in the early 1950s. [11] Because of their importance to Montreal and New France, merchants were allowed to establish chambers of commerce called bourses and meet regularly to discuss their concerns.

The company in charge of managing the settlement was founded by the Sulpician Jean-Jacques Olier and by Jérôme Le Royer (Sieur de La Dauversière).