Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 23.71% and 1.03% of the population respectively. This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 16:28. In Sanskrit the term Kanci means girdle and explanation is given that the city is like a girdle to the earth. The district has various levels of local bodies for administration purposes.

89.06 hectares (220.1 acres) are used for transport and communications infrastructure, including bus stands, roads, streets and railways lines. [17][dead link] The city was regarded as the Banaras of the South. It is the headquarters of the Kanchi matha, a Hindu monastic institution believed to have been founded by the Hindu saint and commentator Adi Sankaracharya, and was the capital city of the Pallava Kingdom between the 4th and 9th centuries. [49], The city receives an average of 1400 mm of rainfall annually, 68% of which falls during the northeast monsoon. [48], The climate of Kanchipuram is generally healthy.

Ekambareswarar Temple in northern Kanchipuram, dedicated to Shiva, is the largest temple in the city.

[119] Adi Sankara is closely associated with this temple and is believed to have established the Kanchi matha after this temple.[120]. To Collector (Survey) District Survey Office, Collectorate Campus, Kanchipuram.
The area comprising the present day Kancheepuram district was earlier a part of Chingleput district.

[35] The city remained with the Pandyas until 1311 when the Sambuvarayars declared independence, taking advantage of the anarchy caused by Malik Kafur's invasion. [126], Ashtabujakaram, Tiruvekkaa, Tiruththanka, Tiruvelukkai, Ulagalantha Perumal Temple, Tiru pavla vannam, Pandava Thoothar Perumal Temple are among the divyadesams, the 108 famous temples of Vishnu in the city. [49] Temperatures reach an average maximum of 37.5 °C (99.5 °F) between April and July, and an average minimum of 16 °C (61 °F) between December and February. [13] In 1676, Shivaji arrived in Kanchipuram at the invitation of the Golconda Sultanate in order to drive out the Bijapur forces.
[78], All major nationalised banks such as Vijaya Bank, State Bank of India, Indian Bank, Canara Bank, Punjab National Bank, Dena Bank and private banks like ICICI Bank have branches in Kanchipuram. [85] Child labour is prohibited in India by the Children (Pledging of Labour) Act and Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, but these laws are not strictly enforced. Industrial developments occupy around 65 hectares (160 acres), where most of the handloom spinning, silk weaving, dyeing and rice production units are located. During the Chola era, Kanchipuram was not the capital, but the kings had a palace in the city and a lot of development was extended eastwards. The data on this website is provided by Google Maps, a free online map service one can access and view in a web browser. It has been postulated that the granite required for the Varadaraja Perumal Temple might have been obtained from the Sivaram Hills located 10 miles east of Kanchipuram. [72] It has close to 108 Shiva temples.[115]. [57][12] As of 2011[update] the municipality occupies 11.6 km2 (4.5 sq mi), has 51 wards and is the biggest municipality in Kanchipuram district. [112] The Jina Kanchi Mutt was later shifted to Melsithamur, near Gingee in the Villupuram district in the 16th century. Kachi Metrali – Karchapeswarar Temple,[118] Onakanthan Tali,[121] Kachi Anekatangapadam,[121] Kuranganilmuttam,[122] and Karaithirunathar Temple in Tirukalimedu are the Shiva temples in the city revered in Tevaram, the Tamil Saiva canonical work of the 7th–8th centuries. Kanchipuram was known in early Tamil literature as Kanchi or Kachipedu. The district is mainly dependent on the monsoon rains. A number of bronzes unearthed at Kurkihar (Apanaka Vihara, near Gaya in Bihar) mention that the majority of the donors were from Kanchi, indicating that Kurkihar was a major center for the visitors from Kanchi during 9th to 11th century, Kanchipuram had been a major center of Jainism and is associated with several famous Jain Acharyas like Samantabhadra and Akalanka. Paddy is the major crop cultivated in this district. [94] Water supply is provided by the Kanchipuram municipality; supplies are drawn from subterranean springs of Vegavati river. Home > Tamil Nadu > Kancheepuram. Little Kanchi, also called Vishnu Kanchi, is located on the eastern fringes of the city. Kanchipuram is located at 12°59′N 79°43′E / 12.98°N 79.71°E / 12.98; 79.71, 72 km (45 mi) south-west of Chennai on the banks of the Vegavathi River, a tributary of the Palar River. [81][82] The silk trade in Kanchipuram began when King Raja Raja Chola I (985–1014) invited weavers from Saurashtra, Gujarat to migrate to Kanchi. [46] The area is rich in medicinal plants, and historic inscriptions mention the medicinal value. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Tambaram-Uthiramerur-Vandavasi-Mazhaiyur(Chetpet Road)-Chinna kozhipuliyur-Injimedu. It has the Mahasamadhi of Upanishad Brahmayogin, a saint who wrote commentaries on all the major upanishads in Hinduism. From the state delimitation after 1967, seven of the ten elections held between 1971 and 2011 were won by the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK). [73] A total of 15,955 were under the age of six, constituting 8,158 males and 7,797 females. It is one of the divyadesams, the 108 holy abodes of Vishnu. [13] Venkata II (1586–1614) tried to revive the Vijayanagar Empire, but the kingdom relapsed into confusion after his death and rapidly fell apart after the Vijayanagar king Sriranga III's defeat by the Golconda and Bijapur sultanates in 1646. [128], The Kanchi Matha is a Hindu monastic institution, whose official history states that it was founded by Adi Sankara of Kaladi, tracing its history back to the 5th century BCE. [105], Buddhism is believed to have flourished in Kanchipuram between the 1st and 5th centuries. The church is built in Scottish style brick structure with arches and pillars. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 3.55% and 0.09% of the population respectively. Kanchipuram has been chosen as one of the heritage cities for HRIDAY - Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana scheme of Government of India. [60] Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) won the seat during the 1971 and 1989 elections and its ally Pattali Makkal Katchi won the seat during the 2006 elections. The city covers an area of 11.605 km 2 (4.481 sq mi) and had a population of 164,265 in 2011. The average literacy of the district was 75.37%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. Kanchipuram has been ruled by the Pallavas, the Medieval Cholas,[3] the Later Cholas, the Later Pandyas, the Vijayanagara Empire, the Carnatic kingdom, and the British, who called the city "Conjeeveram". [11], Agriculture is the main occupation of the people with 47% of the population engaged in it. Census 2011 of Kanchipuram District Kanchipuram district Total population is 3990897 according to census 2011.Males are 2010527 and Females are 1980370 .Literate people are 2640377 among total.Its total area is 4393 It has a series of cells with sculptures inside. Geography. [13], The Vijayanagar Empire ruled Kanchipuram from 1361 to 1645. It lies between 11° 00' to … [40] The city covers an area of 11.6 km2 (4.5 sq mi) and has an elevation of 83.2 m (273 ft) above sea level. [30] According to the Siddhantasaravali of Trilocana Sivacharya, Rajendra Chola I brought a band of Saivas with him on his return from the Chola expedition to North India and settled them in Kanchipuram. [88] There are two major bus routes to Chennai, one connecting via Poonamallee and the other via Tambaram. [13] His successor, Achyuta Deva Raya, reportedly had himself weighed against pearls in Kanchipuram and distributed the pearls amongst the poor. [13] The Marathas invaded Kanchipuram during the Carnatic period in 1724 and 1740, and the Nizam of Hyderabad in 1742. Most of the Shiva temples lie in Big Kanchi while most of the Vishnu temples lie in Little Kanchi. [13] Throughout the second half of the 16th and first half of the 17th centuries, the Aravidu Dynasty tried to maintain a semblance of authority in the southern parts after losing their northern territories in the Battle of Talikota. [citation needed], More than 70 percent of the 163 notified areas (megalithic sites) in the state of Tamil Nadu are in Kancheepuram district, including those at Erumaiyur, Nandampakkam, Sirukalathur, Sikarayapuram, Ayyancheri, Kilambakkam and Nanmangalam. [87] Daily bus services are provided by the Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation to and from Chennai, Bangalore, Villupuram, Tirupathi, Thiruthani, Tiruvannamalai, Vellore, Salem, Coimbatore, Tindivanam and Pondicherry. Kandapuranam, the Tamil religious work on Muruga, translated from Sanskrit Skandapurana, was composed in 1625 by Kachiappa Shivacharya in the temple. [96] The sewage system in the city was implemented in 1975; Kanchipuram was identified as one of the hyper endemic cities in 1970. [78] The city was razed during the French siege of 1757, but weaving re-emerged in the late 18th century.

Kanchipuram, a also known as Kānchi (kāñcipuram; [kaːɲdʑipuɾam])[1] or Kancheepuram, is a temple city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu in Tondaimandalam region, 72 km (45 mi) from Chennai – the capital of Tamil Nadu. [71] The British census of 1901 recorded that Kanchipuram had a population of 46,164, consisting of 44,684 Hindus, 1,313 Muslims, 49 Christians and 118 Jains.

[59], Kanchipuram comes under the Kanchipuram state assembly constituency. View satellite images/ street maps of villages in Kancheepuram district of Tamil Nadu, India. [80], Kanchipuram is a traditional centre of silk weaving and handloom industries for producing Kanchipuram Sarees.

In this temple, the yantra is placed in front of the deity. [78] The main industries are cotton production, light machinery and electrical goods manufacturing, and food processing. [16] The city is believed to have been part of the mythical Dravida Kingdom of the Mahabharata [16] and was described as "the best among cities" (Sanskrit: Nagareshu Kanchi) by the 4th-century Sanskrit poet, Kalidasa. On 13 November 2015, Kanchipuram recorded a mammoth of 340mm thereby causing Severe flooding. [108] However, other traditions ascribe his origins to other places in Asia. Map of Kanchipuram District area hotels: Locate Kanchipuram District hotels on a map based on popularity, price, or availability, and see Tripadvisor reviews, photos, and deals. Underground drainage covers 82% of roads in the city, and is divided into east and west zones for internal administration. [85] Children are commonly traded for sums of between ₹ 10,000 and 15,000 (200 – $300) and there are cases where whole families are held in bondage. Through most of the year it remains dry, attributed to the construction of dams across the river in Andhra Pradesh.

There are only a few hills of considerable elevation in the district. [3] The city's historical monuments include the Kailasanathar Temple and the Vaikunta Perumal Temple.

Big Kanchi, also called Shiva Kanchi, occupies the western portion of the city and is the larger of the two divisions; Little Kanchi, also called Vishnu Kanchi, is located on the eastern fringes of the city. [103] The city has 6 engineering colleges,[104] 3 polytechnic institutes and 6 arts and science colleges.