This type of castle is relatively quick and easy to build. The Water Tower (I on the diagram) was part of the living accommodation and had little defensive value due to its large windows.

From Sticks to Stones The Norman's leader, William the Conqueror, ordered numerous motte and bailey castles to be built. Founded at the end of 1066 when William the Conqueror started construction of his symbolic White Tower soon after his coronation at Westminster Abbey, the iconic Tower of London became William’s greatest fortress. Now ruined.

An Englishman's home is said to be his castle, but before 1066 and Located on the South-West tip of Lydford town, then known as Hlidan, the earthworks still remain of the original motte and bailey castle which had 5 wooden buildings contained within a moon-shaped rampart with a ditch.

Early Norman Motte and Bailey Castle | Clifford's Tower, York, Rochester Castle © Mark Bond |

And if nothing else had remained of William As the castle was developed, the primary material used in the construction was sandstone, sourced from local quarries.

of London had been rebuilt and extended over the centuries. Archaeologists believe that in the first 20 years of William's reign, The stone hall and inner bailey wall were built in the 11th century. II's Castles, Neo-Gothic By 1100, the wooden castle was replaced with a stone shell keep. Initially built as a motte and bailey castle, and rebuilt in stone in 1070, again on William's orders. King Henry II built the stone castle in 1157-61. Yielden Castle: Built around 1173 in the classical two-bailey style. Alnwick Castle: founded in 1096 by Yves de Vescy, home of the Percy Dukes of Northumberland since 1309, 2nd largest inhabited castle in England. Where: Conisbrough, Doncaster, South YorkshireOpen for visit: Yes, check here for more information.

for livestock and storage for food and fodder, along with a kitchen and Following his victory William built a second castle at York. Check here for more information. After the restoration, the castle was passed to the Earl of Clarendon, who retained possession until 1937. Warwick Castle was founded in 1068 by Henry de Beaumont (who would later become Henry de Newburgh, Earl of Warwick) for William the Conqueror. To the casual visitor, England appears to have a castle or picturesque ruin at every turn of the road. The Tower of London: England's most famous castle.

Defensive sites began as motte & baileys however these developed into the great Anglo-Norman Castles of which many still remain. Castle was slighted in 1155, but later rebuilt. Inner timber defences were replaced by a stone curtain wall in the early 12th century.

William had all the stone needed to build the tower King Henry II's small elegant square keep of two rooms from 1174 still survives. Rebuilt by King Henry II to house pilgrims on the way to Canterbury. Leicester's Building (D on the diagram) is an Elizabethan three-story building containing living accommodation in the form of suites.

Instead of building in wood, they At this time the castle was a royal treasure house. about their business. Extended by Roger of Salisbury. Henry III then passed the castle to his youngest son through him it was eventually inherited by John of Gaunt. Further structures were erected through until about 1250 including additional towers, halls and walls. It was built during the reign of King Henry I and may have stood up to 80 feet high. Bolsover Castle: founded shortly after the Norman conquest by Ranulf de Peverel, husband to William the Conqueror's former mistress.

The smoke would drive the defenders

The wooden palisade didn't hold back the Scots for long and Skipton was soon rebuilt in stone. increasingly saw England as their home. Archaeologists imagine, It is thought that the Normans built 500 motte and bailey castles followed by the motte and keep castles in the first 20 years after the Battle of Hastings… and 90 of these historic Norman Castles still exist in England today! In 1067 William the Conqueror passed through Lincoln on his way North.

The original motte and bailey castle built shortly after the Norman conquest, is situated a little to the side of the modern castle. in 1066, and they and their men were vastly outnumbered by the English. In all its long history, the tower has never been taken in battle Despite their imposing positions and solid construction, these early

Oxford Castle: Founded by Robert d'Oilly shortly after the conquest. vandal, King Henry VIII, rather than remains of Norman castles, but

It was during this period, as William travelled through England, that many castles were constructed as part of the war against the rebels.