The conclusion: treatment was better than no treatment. The EPF is rooted in the economic theory of production and is defined as all the combinations of inputs that produce any given set of school outputs (e.g., test scores). Social scientists are concerned with the study of people. That is it.

A critical analysis of a research involves a strategy to evaluate the components of a research study and determines the strengths and weakness associated with a research.

Sophia Rabe-Hesketh, ... Xiaohui Zheng, in Handbook of Latent Variable and Related Models, 2007. 1-4). Many qualitative studies concentrate on phenomena about which little is known. The purpose of quantitative research is to generate knowledge and create understanding about the social world. Although we may never be able to completely resolve all problems, ongoing trends suggest that our capacity to conduct good quality research in this field is improving rapidly. Quantitative methods emphasize objective measurements and the statistical, mathematical, or numerical analysis of data collected through polls, questionnaires, and surveys, or by manipulating pre-existing statistical data using computational techniques.Quantitative research focuses on gathering numerical data and generalizing it across groups of people or to explain a particular … From a clinical standpoint, until patients are nutritionally and physically stable, the real work cannot begin. While the results of qualitative research can vary according to the skills of observer, the results of quantitative research are interpreted in an almost similar manner by all experts. After this assignment, I hope to gain a better understanding if critiquing research articles. Quantitative research is considered to have as its main purpose the quantification of data.This allows generalizations of results from a sample to an entire population of interest and the measurement of the incidence of various views and opinions in a given sample. Martin Knoll is the HTW of Saarland, Clinical Nursing, Characteristics of Quantitative Research On the other hand, Quantitative Research makes use of tools such as questionnaires, surveys, measurements and other equipment to collect numerical or measurable data. Kordy et al. In some cases, so little is known that the phenomenon has yet to be clearly identified or named- or it has been inadequately defined or conceptualized. The article shows how value-added models arguably improve the validity of EPF estimates compared with earlier generations of research, as well as how value addition can be used to estimate effects of individual teachers and schools for purposes of accountability. Quantitative research is used by social scientists, including communication researchers, to observe phenomena or occurrences affecting individuals.