Salem is a little under an hour's driving distance away from Portland. Salem has been inhabited for over 10,000 years, according to estimates. KYKN carries syndicated conservative talk hosts. Northern and eastern Salem are less hilly.
Rain is heaviest in late fall and throughout winter, and almost all of the annual precipitation falls between October and May, with a dry season from June through September.  The Vern Miller Civic Center, which houses the city offices and library, has a public space dedicated as the Peace Plaza in recognition of the names by which the city has been known. , The Salem Art Association sponsors the annual Salem Art Fair and Festival, which takes place at Bush's Pasture Park during the summer. Other major cities include Eugene (163,460), Salem (164,549), Gresham (110,553) and Hillsboro (102,347).  A private survey commissioned by a local publication holds that the church is the tallest. Population in households in Salem. The film One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest was filmed at the Oregon State Hospital. The median age in Salem is 35, the US median age is 37.4.
There are 3,364 people per square mile aka population density. The city is served by the following highways: Salem Hospital Regional Health Services, one of the largest of Oregon's 57 acute care hospitals, is a 454-bed acute care medical facility.  In addition to the Saturday Market, there is a Wednesday Farmers' Market hosted downtown in Courthouse Square during the summer, as well a Holiday Gift Market in December. Salem is governed using the council–manager government model. Two stations are licensed to Salem but operate out of Portland: KPXG-TV and KRCW. Dashboard. The racial makeup of the city was 83.1% White, 1.3% African American, 1.5% Native American, 2.4% Asian, 0.5% Pacific Islander, 7.9% from other races, and 3.4% from two or more races. Salem is the home of Kettle Foods, Inc., a maker of potato chips since 1982. The third capitol building, which is still in use today, was completed in 1938. The population density was 3,228.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,246.5/km2). There were 61,276 housing units at an average density of 1,279.2 per square mile (493.9/km2).
, The Mid-Valley Video Festival offers local, national and international independent films in theaters throughout the city. Delta Connection offered commercial air service with two daily flights to Salt Lake City, Utah, from July 2007. In 1988, Livesley's family home was purchased through private donations and was donated to the state.  The state capital is about 47 mi (76 km) south of Portland, but actually has a lower average temperature than that of Portland (54.4 °F or 12.4 °C), due in part to the lower daily minima.
Salem is located in the north-central Willamette Valley, in Marion and Polk counties. It now serves as the official residence of the Governor and family. Numerous projects are underway to increase the supply of housing in the downtown core. Many who live in the Salem area do so because of its family-friendly ambiance and small town feel. QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. More Salem statistics from the U.S. Census American Fact Finder, 2012-2016 American Community Survey: Population with a high school graduate or higher – 87.19% The median age was 34 years. Population, Census, April 1, 2010. Amtrak Cascades trains, operating as far north as Vancouver, British Columbia and as far south as Eugene, Oregon, serve Salem several times daily in both directions. Salem is a city in Marion County, Oregon, with a population of 166,756. The largest employer in Salem is the state government, although as previously mentioned agriculture is still critical to the economy. The personal house and garden of landscape architects Elizabeth Lord and Edith Schryver, known as Gaiety Hollow, are on the National Register of Historic Places. There were 50,676 households, out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.2% were non-families. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.3% of the population. Salem has been awarded "Tree City USA" status by the National Arbor Day Foundation for 30 consecutive years for its dedication to urban forestry. Oregon Fruit Products, Inc., has been canning blackberries, marionberries and other fruits in Salem since 1935, with Oregon as its brand name.
Portland is home to 630,309. However, over a quarter of years receive no snowfall. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error. One school, Willamette Academy, is part of an outreach program run by Willamette University that is designed to expose under-represented students to the rewards of an academic life at an early age (7th–12th grade).. , As of 2014, there was talk of reviving the now-stagnant Sister City project launched in 1964 with Salem in Tamil Nadu, India. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 173,442 . The mayor is elected in a citywide vote. 154,637. More Salem statistics from the U.S. Census American Fact Finder, 2012-2016 American Community Survey: Housing statistics from the U.S. Census American Fact Finder, 2012-2016 American Community Survey: Salem is a vibrant and diverse community with well-established neighborhoods. 174,365. With a 2020 population of 179,944, it is the 2nd largest city in Oregon (after Portland) and the 145th largest city in the United States. Because Salem is the state capital, it has a multitude of government agencies, departments, and boards housed in buildings with architectural designs ranging from the early 20th century to examples of state-of-the-art civil building design. For every 100 females, there were 100.9 males. The city is home to Willamette University, Corban University, and Chemeketa Community College.
In a bid to diversify its economic base, Salem attracted a number of computer-related manufacturing plants in the 1990s. The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 154,637 . On April 25, 1935, this building was also destroyed by fire. When the Europeans first arrived at the land that is now Salem, the Kalapuya people occupied the area.  Smaller streams in the southern and southeastern parts of the city include Clark Creek, Jory Creek, Battle Creek, Croisan Creek, and Claggett Creek, while Glen Creek and Brush Creek flow through West Salem.. Clear 2 Table. , Minto-Brown Island Park is the largest at 1,200 acres (490 ha). Salem /ˈseɪləm/ is the capital of the U.S. state of Oregon, and the county seat of Marion County. In the summer, Chef's Nite Out is a wine and food benefit held for Marion-Polk Food Share. NPR programming is carried by Oregon Public Broadcasting, which can be heard on KOPB-FM from Portland, and KOAC from Corvallis.