Hormones are chemicals that act as messengers within the human body.

(2014). These endocrine glands belong to the body’s control system and they produce hormones which help to regulate the functions of cells and tissues. Exocrine glands. For this reason, when a damage occurs in a gland and the hormonal production process is affected, the health of the people can be seriously affected.

This gland controls the function of many other glands in the body.

The parathyroid glands should control the amount of calcium present in the blood.

They are usually activated when the body performs some type of muscular activity (Tips, 2017). CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 10, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12, NCERT Solutions Class 11 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions Class 12 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions Class 12 Accountancy Part 1, NCERT Solutions Class 12 Accountancy Part 2, NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Social Science, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 16, Science Practicals for Class 9 Cbse Term 2, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 10 Science, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12 Physics, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12 Chemistry, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12 Biology, ICSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 10 Physics, ICSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 10 Chemistry, ICSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 10 Maths, ISC Previous Year Question Papers Class 12 Physics, ISC Previous Year Question Papers Class 12 Chemistry, ISC Previous Year Question Papers Class 12 Biology. Unlike exocrine glands(sweat, salivary), endocrine glands secrete their respective substances directly into the bloodstream rather than through a duct. Melatonin may also be responsible for governing sexual development and reproduction, with melatonin production being reduced dramatically after puberty.

Enclosed deep within the skull, the pituitary gland is the size of a pea. When these glands become inflamed during adolescence, acne disease occurs. The hormones produced by the endocrine glands control numerous functions of the body. The increase or decrease in the functioning of this gland determines the height and weight of any individual. Tortora, G. J., & Derrickson, B.H. Metaphysical descriptions of the pineal gland have said it harbors psychic powers and insight. In other words, this is a stress hormone that helps the organism to either face a dangerous situation or to avoid it altogether. We use cookies to provide our online service. The pancreas has two primary roles to play: Insulin is produced by the β cells in the pancreas and it helps in regulating the blood glucose levels in the body from getting too high.

The most important exocrine glands are salivary, sweat, sebaceous, mammary and lacrimal. Testes produce testosterone that is responsible for male sex characteristics. They are the glands located in the outer and upper part of the eyes. Also, it helps to neutralize the effect of light on skin color. Endocrine glands are those responsible for producing hormones. Let us have a detailed look at the endocrine system notes and explore the major endocrine glands in the human body. Ovaries produce estrogen that is important for reproduction and female sex characteristics. Brownish red, it has blood vessels coursing through it.

In some ways, it is considered the body's biological clock. The adrenal glands sit atop the kidneys and are no larger than a walnut. Some of the other endocrine glands include the pancreas, thyroid gland, and adrenal glands. Endocrine glands. Eccrine sweat glands occur over most of your body and open directly onto the surface of your skin. Some glands are specific to either male (testes) or female (ovaries). Producing hormones such as insulin and glucagon. There are many different types of glands of the human body, each relating to different functions such as metabolism, growth and homeostasis. lacrimal glands, salivary glands (mucin), exocrine glands of pancreas, and gastric glands of stomach, palm of hands, sole of feet, forehead. They are responsible for the removal of certain substances from the body, such as salts. Endocrine glands release hormonal secretions directly into the bloodstream. The master gland of the endocrine system is the pituitary gland, which produces hormones that control other endocrine glands. Adrenal glands are a type of endocrine gland found at the top of the kidneys that are mainly responsible for unleashing hormones to cope with stress such as epinephrine and cortisol. There are many different types of glands of the human body, each relating to different functions such as metabolism, growth and homeostasis.The pituitary gland and the pineal gland are both glands in the brain associated with growth and regulating sleep cycles, as well as keeping homeostasis within the body. Lack of glucagon leads to hypoglycemia. Register at BYJU’S for endocrine system notes. What Are the Different Types of Nerves in the Human Body.

Its function is to secrete tear fluid to keep lubricated eyes and eyelids.